Illinois Climate Normals

According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric  Administration, the 30-year average of a particular variable (e.g., temperature) is called the “normal.” For example, the minimum temperature normal in January for a station in Chicago, Illinois, would be computed by taking the average of the 30 January values of monthly-averaged minimum temperatures from 1981 to 2010. Each of the 30 monthly values was in turn derived from averaging the daily observations of minimum temperature for the station. In practice, much more goes into NCDC’s Normals product than simple 30-year averages. Procedures exist to deal with missing and suspect data values.

Normals provide users with many tools to understand typical climate conditions for thousands of locations across the United States. Normals in the U.S. are for 30 years and are updated every decade. You can find more information about climate normals on the NOAA website.

The Illinois normals presented here are based on data from 1981 through 2010 and will be updated after 2020. Available maps include precipitation, temperature, snowfall, heating degree days, and cooling degree days, as well as number of days above or below selected thresholds of precipitation, temperature, and snowfall. The data used in these products come from the National Weather Service (NWS) Cooperative Observer Program (COOP). The data are archived at the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC).

These maps may be reproduced and redistributed, crediting the Illinois State Water Survey (see data disclaimer). ISWS GIS specialist Zoe Zaloudek generated the maps using ArcGIS and Python scripts.

Precipitation (inches)
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Annual
Days with Precipitation Greater Than or Equal to 0.01 inches
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Annual
Days with Precipitation Greater Than or Equal to 0.10 inches
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Annual
Days with Precipitation Greater Than or Equal to 1.00 inches
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Annual
Mean Daily High Temperature (degrees F)
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Annual
Mean Daily Low Temperature (degrees F)
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Annual
Mean Daily Temperature (degrees F)
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Annual
Days Above 90 degrees F
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Annual
Days Above 100 degrees F
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Annual
Snowfall (inches)
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Annual
Days with Snowfall Greater than 0.1 inches
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Annual
Days with Snowfall Greater than 1.0 inches
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Annual
Days with Snowfall Greater than 10.0 inches
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Annual
Heating Degree Days
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Annual
Cooling Degree Days
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Annual

You can also view normals for various Illinois locations. Illinois stations were chosen based on length of record and completeness of data.

Illinois Climate Normals by Location