February 2019 will be a month remembered for an unseasonably active storm pattern, a majority of the month was characterized by a seemingly constant succession of storms resulting in moderate snow accumulations for the northern counties, and persistent rain events and widespread flooding for the far southern counties. Between storm systems we experienced noticeable temperature swings, and periods of seasonable weather.
Statewide, February ended colder and substantially wetter than the long term average. The preliminary average statewide February temperature was 28.6°F, which is 2.3°F below the long term average. The preliminary average statewide precipitation was 3.33 inches, which is 1.27 inches above the long term average.
Data are provisional and may change slightly over time.
Preliminary results show that February 2019 finished with a statewide average temperature of 28.6°F which is 2.3°F below the long term average.
The maximum February temperature of 70°F was reported at two stations, Dixon Springs (Pope County) on February 3rd, and Kaskaskia River Lock (Randolph County) on February 4th. These temperatures came less than a week after the historic Arctic outbreak in late January, which shattered numerous all time station and daily record lows across Illinois. Over the course of five days many stations across the state saw temperature differences of around 70 degrees or more from Jan. 31 to Feb. 4.
The minimum state temperature was -36°F reported at the Mt. Carroll observation station (Carroll County) on February 1st, a day after the station recorded a potential record state minimum temperature of -38°F on last day of January 2019.
The map below depicts average monthly statewide temperature departures for Illinois. In February, the departure gradients tended to align in a southwest to northeast fashion, following the larger scale storm tracks. Overall, Southeastern Illinois saw temperature departures averaging one to three degrees above normal, while much of Central Illinois was near the long term average, and a larger region in the vicinity of Northwest Illinois saw temperature departures averaging two to five degrees below normal.
Preliminary statewide average precipitation for February was 3.33 inches, which is 1.27 inches above the long term average.
Total precipitation was one of the biggest weather concerns for February. While locations in the center of the state, roughly between I-80 and I-70, received anywhere from 1.5-4.0 inches of precipitation for February, the most impressive totals fell in far Northwestern and Southern Illinois (see map below). In Southern Illinois February totals in excess of 6.0 inches were common, with five stations reporting over 8.0 inches of precipitation for the month.
The highest monthly total was reported at Smithland Lock and Dam (Pope County) with an impressive 10.68 inches. This ranks as the wettest February on record for the station, with records going back to 1981.
The persistent February precipitation corresponded to monthly totals of 300-400% percent of normal for Northwestern Illinois, and 200-300+% of normal for Southern Illinois (see map below).
Once final numbers are calculated, Feb. 2019 is on track to rank within the top 15 wettest statewide February’s on record. Abundant regional February rainfall also contributed to a major flooding event in the lower Ohio River. Both the Smithland Lock and Dam and Cairo river gauges crested at over 10 feet above flood stage during the last week in February. Maximum river stages are expected to be within the top 5 highest on record, according to data compiled by the National Weather Service.
Soil moisture percentiles for the month of February remained in the 90th percentile or higher across Illinois.
Snowfall occurred statewide during February, but was most plentiful in counties along the Illinois/Wisconsin border, where 10+ inches of accumulation were common (see map below)
The highest point snowfall total of 25.7 inches was reported at a station in Galena (Jo Daviess County).
Outlook for March 2019
Looking ahead at the rest of March 2019, the Climate Prediction Center is favoring moderate probabilities of colder than average temperatures statewide. The highest probabilities are located in the northwestern portion of the state. Slightly increased probabilities of a wetter than normal March are forecast for extreme southern Illinois, the same regions that have already experienced unseasonably wet conditions for a majority of the winter.
Check back soon for a recap of the 2018-2019 meteorological winter season.